Texas General Land Office, Army Corps of Engineers change Coastal Texas Study

Coastal Texas Study open house, Seabrook, Bay Area Community Center, Texas General Land Office, Army Corps of Engineers, Kelly Burks-Copes, Tony Williams
Residents learned about the Coastal Texas Study at a Feb. 13 open house. (Jake Magee/Community Impact Newspaper)

Residents learned about the Coastal Texas Study at a Feb. 13 open house. (Jake Magee/Community Impact Newspaper)

The $23 billion-$32 billion plan to build 76 miles of floodwalls and levees along Galveston Island and Bolivar Peninsula to prevent flooding during storms has undergone significant changes.

The two biggest changes include the fact the the Texas General Land Office and Army Corps of Engineers—the two organizations involved with the Coastal Texas Study, a plan to reinforce the Bay Area against hurricanes—are no longer proposing to build the floodwalls and levees or what would have been the world’s largest navigable gate between the island and peninsula.

Both organizations shared an update on the years-long study during an open house event in Seabrook on Feb. 13.

Project manager Kelly Burks-Copes said the proposed floodwalls and levees have been replaced with beaches and dunes. Officials received over 13,000 public comments about the project last March, and the floodwalls and levees were “not well received.”

Instead, the organizations are proposing to build beaches that stretch 250 feet from the water to 14-foot-high manmade dunes. Both the beaches and the dunes, which would stretch down a total 35 miles of Galveston Island and the Bolivar Peninsula, would help prevent flooding during major storms, Burks-Copes said.


While the dunes are more environmentally friendly and aesthetically pleasing than concrete walls, they will not be as effective at holding back water. However, the trade-off is worth it considering public approval, Burks-Copes said.

Additionally, the organizations were considering building a massive set of moveable gates between Galveston Island and the Bolivar Peninsula. The gates would have remained open to allow ships to move from the Gulf of Mexico to Galveston Bay into the Houston Ship Channel but close during storms to hold back water.

“These are monster gates,” Burks-Copes said.

However, after meeting with officials from around the world who have built similar gates, the GLO and Corps decided instead to propose building a few islands and installing two sets of much smaller versions of the navigable gates. Additionally, a different type of gate that can lift out of the water to let smaller boats pass will be installed throughout the remainder of the gap between the island, Burks-Copes said.

The smaller navigable gates and lift gates are both cheaper and more resilient than the originally proposed large gates, she said.

Finally, the organizations are proposing building a ring around part of Galveston Island of levees and floodwalls on the back side toward the bay and repairs to the existing seawall that faces the gulf.

In the event of a hurricane, the gates would stop water from entering the bay, and that water would eventually flow back into the backside of Galveston Island. The protective ring would help reduce flooding in such an instance, Burks-Copes said.

The dunes, gates and ring are three lines of defense that would make Galveston Island and the entire Bay Area more resilient to major storms, said Tony Williams, director of planning coastal resources for GLO.

“They’re all designed to work together,” he said.

The 5 1/2-year study is one year from finishing. The organizations in August or September will hold another public comment period during which residents can share their concerns. In October, the organizations will hold more open houses about the plan and a new environmental impact study.

The organizations hope to present the plan to the Texas Legislature early next year and to Congress by May 2021. After, the plan will enter the design phase for 2-5 years, and then, it will take 5-10 years to construct if Congress awards the entirety of the up-to-$32 billion it will take to complete the project upfront, Burks-Copes said.

Officials estimate it will cost $100 million-$130 million annually to operate and maintain the dunes, beaches, gates, floodwalls and other components.
By Jake Magee
Jake Magee has been a print journalist for several years, covering numerous beats including city government, education, business and more. Starting off at a daily newspaper in southern Wisconsin, Magee covered two small cities before being promoted to covering city government in the heart of newspaper's coverage area. He moved to Houston in mid-2018 to be the editor for and launch the Bay Area edition of Community Impact Newspaper.

<

MOST RECENT

George Floyd protest
Houston-area officials, advocates react to guilty verdicts in George Floyd murder

Across the city of Houston, local officials and advocates shared messages of solidarity and urged for more reforms in the wake of the announcement.

Hurricane Harvey hit the Houston region in 2017. (Vanessa Holt/Community Impact Newspaper)
How Harris County residents can prepare for hurricane season

After the most active hurricane season on record in 2020, Harris County officials said residents should be prepared for the upcoming season starting June 1.

Janice Rains-Moran (center) and her daughter Danielle Rains speak in late January with Troy, one of the many homeless people who live in Clear Lake. (Jake Magee/Community Impact Newspaper)
Community raising funds for homeless advocate who was attacked

A GoFundMe has been set up for Janice Rains-Moran, a homeless advocate who was beaten by a homeless woman on April 16.

(Courtesy Fajita Pete's)
IMPACTS ROUNDUP: Fajita Pete's opening soon in Clear Lake and more

Here is a roundup of business news from Clear Lake and League City.

Harris County Judge Lina Hidalgo speaks at an April 19 press conference at a mass-vaccination site at NRG Park. (Screenshot courtesy Facebook Live).
Harris County accepting walk-ins for vaccine at NRG Park

As demand for vaccines has fallen, officials are looking for ways to make them more accessible.

Vaccinations at any of Kelsey-Seybold Clinic's 26 Greater Houston-area locations are available Monday through Friday from 8 a.m.-5 p.m. by appointment only at no cost to the individual or family. (Courtesy Adobe Stock)
Houston-based Kelsey-Seybold Clinic expands vaccine eligibility to age 16 and older

Vaccinations at any of Kelsey-Seybold Clinic's 26 Greater Houston-area locations are available Monday through Friday from 8 a.m.-5 p.m. by appointment only at no cost to the individual or family.

(Courtesy Royalty Meat Company)
IMPACTS ROUNDUP: Royalty Meat Company now open and more

Here is a roundup of business news for Clear Lake and League City.

Costco Business Centers, of which there are only about 15 in the country, carry different products and provide a different shopping experience to members than do traditional Costco Wholesale stores. (Courtesy Costco Wholesale)
Costco Business Center being built in Stafford; see live music in The Woodlands and more top Houston-area news

Read the top business and community news from the Houston area from the past week.

The program, which began this week in San Marcos, gives Amazon and Whole Foods employees and contractors direct access to COVID-19 vaccinations. (Courtesy Amazon)
Amazon begins rollout of statewide vaccination clinics for employees

The program, which began this week in San Marcos, gives Amazon and Whole Foods employees and contractors direct access to COVID-19 vaccinations.

Houston City Council approved ordinances expanding and funding Houston’s BCycle program on April 14. (Courtesy Houston BCycle)
Houston City Council OKs expansion of BCycle sites

City Council approved the addition of 11 new BCycle kiosk bike stations.