Extended moratorium will buy Travis County renters more time; direct assistance on the way in Austin

A moratorium on all non-payment evictions in Travis County essentially paused eviction court proceedings beginning in mid-March. (Design by Shelby Savage/Community Impact Newspaper)
A moratorium on all non-payment evictions in Travis County essentially paused eviction court proceedings beginning in mid-March. (Design by Shelby Savage/Community Impact Newspaper)

A moratorium on all non-payment evictions in Travis County essentially paused eviction court proceedings beginning in mid-March. (Design by Shelby Savage/Community Impact Newspaper)

Before the coronavirus pandemic began, Travis County Justice of the Peace Nicholas Chu had a stack of about 20 eviction cases he heard every Monday. The tenants in the cases, Chu said, were by and large people who did not have much in savings and for whom a job loss, injury or health crisis had set them over the edge to the point where they could not pay the rent.

"I think the biggest thing I’ve taken from this job is if we want to really look into housing stability, part of that is we need to make sure there’s some sort of social safety net," Chu said.

The tenants whose names were written on those eviction case files did not have that safety net, and every Monday, there was a stack of about 20 more waiting for Chu, he said.

However, the Precinct 5 justice, who hears cases from Central Austin, actually heard the fewest eviction cases in 2020 among his colleagues.

Judge Randall Slagle, whose precinct spans North Austin, heard the most such cases of any Travis County justice of the peace, with 988 filings, according to data compiled by Building and Strengthening Tenant Action, a group that advocates for Austin renters.

Travis County Judge Sam Biscoe issued orders on July 22 extending those protections through September 30. Under the new orders, landlords under most circumstances cannot issue a tenant a document called a notice to vacate, which starts the process that leads to a court hearing. Austin has a similar moratorium in place that is set to run through July 25, and District 4 City Council Member Casar said the city is likely to extend its own policy to match up with the county's.


BASTA Project Director Shoshana Krieger said her team is trying to help tenants who are looking for help navigating a confusing patchwork of local, state and federal rules and regulations. She said she is concerned about what will happen whenever the courts open back up.

"We're bracing for a tsunami, a flood of evictions," Krieger said.

Jeannie Nelson, executive director of local nonprofit organization Austin Tenants Council, said the moratorium policies have helped buy renters more time, but without direct financial assistance, such measures simply delay evictions because tenants who have lost their jobs and their incomes during the COVID-19 crisis do not have an ability to catch up after falling behind.

"We haven’t seen any of the fallout from the eviction crisis related to COVID-19 right now," Nelson said.

A new program from the city of Austin hopes to address the root cause of the housing problem instead of simply kicking the can down the road. In August, the city will open applications for the second version of its Relief of Emergency Needs for Tenants program. That will provide $17.75 million—mostly from federal coronavirus relief dollars—to help residents pay their rent.

Mandy DeMayo, community development administrator for the Department of Neighborhood Housing and Community Development, said about 73% of the funds will go toward direct assistance, and the funds will be stretched across six months.

"We’re mindful of the fact that somebody who can pay their rent in August might not be able to pay their rent in September and October," DeMayo said.

The city has additional protections in place to help renters, who represent 55% of all city households. From now until Aug. 24, if a renter falls behind on their payments, they have 60 days from the day their landlord delivers a document—a proposal to evict—to catch up on rent before the landlord can actually start the eviction process.

But when jobs disappear, unemployment rates rise and rent is not paid, the pain is not felt only by the tenant. Landlords also suffer financial losses.

In Austin, according to Emily Blair, executive director of the Austin Apartment Association, about 20 cents of every dollar paid to a landlord go to property taxes, and a few missed rent payments can put small property owners in a significant financial hole.

Extending the moratoriums on evictions creates additional uncertainty for property owners, Blair said, and could potentially affect future development, without solving the root cause of the problem— finding money to help renters pay.

"That's why we're continuing to advocate on the federal level, we need to have emergency rental assistance," Blair said.

Housing affordability was a major community issue in Austin and around the country long before the coronavirus pandemic. A report from the National Low Income Housing Coalition released in July showed that residents of metropolitan Austin have to make about $26 an hour—3.6 times the minimum wage—to afford a two-bedroom apartment at fair market rate.

Krieger said she hopes the pandemic has opened some eyes to the issue.

“Evictions are a public health crisis, and they’re entirely man-made,” Krieger said.

Editor's Note: This story has been updated to reflect the new orders signed by Travis County Judge Sam Biscoe on July 22.
By Jack Flagler
Jack is the editor of Community Impact Newspaper's Central Austin and Southwest Austin editions. He began his career as a sports reporter in Massachusetts and North Carolina before moving to Austin in 2018. He grew up in Maine and graduated from Boston University, but prefers tacos al pastor to lobster rolls. You can get in touch at jflagler@communityimpact.com


MOST RECENT

Tesla will continue construction of its southeast Travis County manufacturing plant through 2021. (Nicholas Cicale/Community Impact Newspaper)
Story to watch in 2021: Tesla’s gigafactory set for completion by year’s end

Tesla is already hiring a number of manufacturing positions for the factory as well as engineers.

COVID-19 vaccines
DATA: Texas has vaccinated about 9% of estimated Phase 1 recipients

Over 1.1 million individuals from the Phase 1 population, which is estimated to include 13.5 million individuals total, have received at least one dose.

Bob Popinski, policy director of Raise Your Hand Texas, shared the organization's top education priorities for the ongoing legislative session. (Courtesy Adobe Stock)
‘What does virtual learning and remote learning look like moving forward?': Raise Your Hand Texas policy director talks legislative priorities

Bob Popinski is the director of policy for Raise Your Hand Texas, an Austin-based organization committed to improving public education. He spoke with Community Impact Newspaper in late December about the 87th legislative session, which began Jan. 12.

Photoo of Travis County sign
Austin City Council, Travis County Commissioners Court will hold rare joint session to address 'dire' COVID-19 status

County Judge Andy Brown called the meeting "an opportunity to coordinate responses."

Photo of a wine shop
Salt & Time expands with natural wine shop and other East Austin business news

Read about six businesses that have opened, closed or celebrated anniversaries on the East Side.

Voters line up during the Dec. 15 runoff election. (Christopher Neely/Community Impact Newspaper)
Legality of ranked-choice voting prompts disagreement between supporters, Austin city attorneys

If a Jan. 11 petition is validated, Austin voters could decide whether to support the implementation a ranked-choice voting system. But is it unconstitutional?

A group of Austin-area school districts is advocating for early distribution of COVID-19 vaccines for school staff members. (Courtesy Adobe Stock)
Austin-area school districts advocate for teachers to receive COVID-19 vaccines

Educators in the designated population for early distribution of the COVID-19 vaccine in 32 states. Texas was not one of them, according to a Jan. 14 letter signed by 17 Central Texas school districts.

H-E-B is preparing to accept coronavirus vaccine appointments through an online portal. (Nicholas Cicale/Community Impact Newspaper)
H-E-B launches vaccine portal; Whipped Bakery opens in Leander and more top Central Texas news

Read the most popular news from the past week from the Central Texas area.

Dr. Anthony Fauci gave remarks while accepting the Ken Shine Prize in Health Leadership from Dell Medical School. (Screenshot via The University of Texas)
Dr. Anthony Fauci praises UT researcher’s role in vaccine development

Dr. Anthony Fauci's remarks came while accepting the Ken Shine Prize in Health Leadership from Dell Medical School.