That process, dubbed CodeNEXT, unearthed stark disagreements among neighbors and City Council members alike in how the city’s limited land should develop into the future. Although this latest attempt has not received a similarly official moniker, the disparity among policymakers in key issues have remained and became more obvious during City Council’s April 23 work session.
Austin City Council members will vote April 25 on the scope of the rewrite and thresholds they want the new code to hit related to housing supply and type, parking requirements and compatibility standards. However, the topic has proven sensitive—council members, among other points of contention at the April 23 work session, could not agree when to take up the April 25 discussion—and the mayor and council’s conversation is expected to be lengthy, with attempts at policy amendments abounding.
All the while, staff from City Manager Spencer Cronk’s office and the planning and zoning department will wait for the baton from the dais to begin devising a process and path for Austin to, after nearly seven years of debate, rewrite its outdated land-use policies.
Council members weigh in ahead of vote
On April 25, council members will be voting on a baseline proposal from Adler that says council wants city staff to build off CodeNEXT’s Draft 3, provide for more than 287,000 units in housing capacity, loosen regulations to allow a proliferation of housing types and missing middle housing, greatly reduce parking minimums and loosen compatibility standards.
And, have all, or at least a large majority of it, done and in front of City Council by the close of 2019.
District 3 Council Member Pio Renteria has said since the beginning the year that completion, rather than consensus, was his goal for the land-development code in 2019. Adler has joined Renteria and other council members, such as Jimmy Flannigan, Greg Casar and Delia Garza, in wanting something finalized by year’s end.
“I’m going to work as hard as I can to make sure this gets done at the end of the year,” Renteria said April 23.
Flannigan said he believes staff has already begun devising a process for the land-development code rewrite because of the urgency expressed by a majority on the dais. Flannigan said council has made clear its preference to get this done quickly before the close of 2019.
Other council members have exercised caution, prioritizing getting it done right rather than quickly. Following the work session discussion, District 10 Council Member Alison Alter pushed back against the majority of her colleagues.
“I prefer to take time to vet a proposal, but my colleagues want this issue completed,” Alter said. “I respect the urgency, but I believe government works best when we’re trying to solve problems, not creating new ones.”
Several council members, from Paige Ellis in Southwest Austin to Ann Kitchen in South Austin and Kathie Tovo and Alter in the central and west sections of town, respectively, rejected the idea of blanket zoning the city to allow each property to have at least three dwelling units.
Each expressed concern, ranging from environmental to displacement and affordability. Ellis said her suburban district could not handle such an up zone, and Tovo and Alter said giving away such entitlements could hurt the city’s of strategy in requiring developers to build subsidized affordable housing and might accelerate the demolition of existing market-rate affordable housing.
Adler said he was unsure if giving developers the right to build missing middle housing—residential projects that typically include between two and 10 units—would hurt the city’s ability to use the entitlement as a carrot in persuading developers to build subsidized affordable housing.
Conversations of blanket zoning also highlighted council’s confusion over neighborhood conservation combining districts, or NCCDs, which are special zoning categories that codify unique development standards in specific areas of the city, such as Hyde Park. Garza and Flannigan admitted confusion over the utility of NCCDs, and City Council members were divided on whether the special zoning districts should remain untouched in the new code.
Flannigan said slicing and dicing the code only makes it more complicated, and he strongly supported allowing a minimum of three units per lot across the city.
Casar and Garza then presented guidance and criteria on how transition zones should be mapped throughout the city based on proximity to transit corridors, street connectivity, opportunity and location in the urban core. Transition zones are areas of a neighborhood between high-density corridors and more conservatively zoned neighborhood cores.
The proposal drew anxiety out of some council members who said it jumped the gun and that transition zones needed to carefully consider existing conditions on the ground. After the discussion April 23, Kitchen said although some transition zones could be mapped in the initial zoning process, she believes the code should provide flexibility to map the transition zones after the rewrite.
Flannigan said he was encouraged by the progress made ahead of the April 25 vote.
"Although we weren't coming to broad moments of consensus, we've set up this vote to really address these thorny issues," Flannigan said. He said he felt there was more agreement among council members than their tones may show.