The population in the cities of Sugar Land and Missouri City have grown since 2017, according to 2022 five-year estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau's American Community Survey.

The 2022 results, which were released Dec. 7 and use 2018-22 data, show Missouri City's population has grown by 2,000 people since the five-year estimates in 2017. Sugar Land has seen more growth in the five-year period, adding more than 23,000 residents since the last estimate, according to the data.
However, one-year ACS population estimates have tracked Sugar Land's slowly declining population. One-year estimates show the city's population at 118,500 in 2019 then dropping to 109,337 in 2021 and 109,395 in the 2022 one-year estimate. Census officials have said not to compare one- and five-year estimates.

Meanwhile, a higher percentage of Sugar Land's residents are older than age 40 compared to Missouri City; about 53% of Sugar Land's residents are older than 40 compared to about 50% of Missouri City's population. However, Sugar Land has a slightly higher percentage of residents who are ages 0-19.
Additionally, demographics in Sugar Land and Missouri City have shifted slightly in the last five years, with the Hispanic and Latino population growing in both cities. The Asian population in Sugar Land has slightly surpassed the percentage of white residents, making it the most prominent race in the city by 38% compared to white residents making up 37.8% of the city's population.