Dripping Springs grapples with options to protect growing public

Dripping Springs does not have its own police force but does coordinate with the Hays County Sheriff's Office. (Nicholas Cicale/Community Impact Newspaper)
Dripping Springs does not have its own police force but does coordinate with the Hays County Sheriff's Office. (Nicholas Cicale/Community Impact Newspaper)

Dripping Springs does not have its own police force but does coordinate with the Hays County Sheriff's Office. (Nicholas Cicale/Community Impact Newspaper)

Image description
Image description
Dripping Springs has grown by nearly 82% in seven years, based on the U.S. Census Bureau’s Community Survey estimate released in December. Although the city reports that 3,277 people live within the city limits, over 30,000 reside in the city’s large extraterritorial jurisdiction, according to city documents.

Even with this growth, Dripping Springs has not moved to establish its own police department; it relies on the Hays County Sheriff’s Office to patrol the city and its ETJ.

Despite recent population growth, Dripping Springs continues to report a low crime rate. HCSO received 393 calls to service from Dripping Springs in 2019, according to city data, an average of about one call per day. Certain concerns have become more prevalent, however.

“The biggest thing that’s happened with the influx of population in Dripping Springs is greater instances of property crime and more traffic,” Hays County Sheriff Gary Cutler said.

Cutler said traffic on Hwy. 290, a major Central Texas thoroughfare that runs through the city, requires heavy focus from the four deputies stationed in the area—out of 120 uniformed officers throughout the county.


For the time being, Dripping Springs Mayor Todd Purcell says that, even with the increasing hazards presented by the roadway, the time is not right for Dripping Springs to create its own police force. He is certain, however, that it is inevitable.

“It’s not going to be if,” Purcell said. “It’s going to be when. When is the appropriate time?”

The considerations of cities

Many smaller nearby cities have chosen to create a police department, including Buda in Hays County, as well as Rollingwood, West Lake Hills and Sunset Valley in Travis County. While local officials have said cost and crime rate are important considerations when determining whether to form a department, other factors are more particular to a given municipality.

Sunset Valley, for example, is in the unique position of being land-locked by the city of Austin. The Sunset Valley Police Department protects the city’s sovereignty and the “local flavor” of its code of ordinances, Sunset Valley Chief of Police Lenn Carter said.

“We like to consider [the department] the wall around Sunset Valley,” he said.

Additionally, Sunset Valley has a much higher daytime population than its residency would suggest—around 12,000, according to Carter—due to Sunset Valley’s extensive retail industry. That makes one of the department’s most important duties to protect “millions of dollars of retail,” Carter said.

The rationale behind staving off a police department can be just as particular. In Dripping Springs, the city proper is only around a quarter of the size of its ETJ, in terms of area, and 9% in terms of population. A police department would only have jurisdiction over the city limits, and according to Purcell, crime in that area is simply not high enough to justify a police force.

“The worst thing you can do is create an entity or a police department or anything just for the sake of creating it,” Purcell said.

For one thing, Purcell said, the costs would be considerable. Annual costs to nearby cities range from around $1.2 million to $2.5 million, based on city budgets, and HCSO Capt. David Burns estimated that department startup costs could range from $700,000 to $1 million.

A neighborhood-highway balancing act

Some area residents, however, say they worry that relying on the sheriff’s office has drawbacks.

“The focus on [Hwy.] 290 safety means that our neighborhoods are not being adequately patrolled,” said Caitlin Fuller, a resident of the Sunset Canyon neighborhood. “I think if we had a dedicated police force, that would help the neighborhood problems and free up the sheriffs to focus on [Hwy.] 290.”

Sunset Canyon does not fall within Dripping Springs’ city limits, but is in its ETJ, meaning it would be outside a hypothetical police force’s purview, but Fuller hopes a police presence in the city would ease the burden on HCSO deputies in her area.

Joshua Visi, a Belterra resident and a police officer for the Austin Police Department, said he recognizes the pressure Hwy. 290 places on HCSO deputies, with whom he cites a positive relationship. Visi shared an incident in which a deputy came to his door to alert him that his garage door was left open.

“I really appreciated him taking the time to get out of his patrol car, come up to my door and let me know,” Visi said.

However, Visi also said the time required by this type of neighborhood spot-checking has a cost.

“The unintended consequence is that the officer is taken away from their other duties, their proactive approach to policing,” Visi said, pointing to the traffic safety demands of Hwy. 290.

While some residents, such as Fuller, have concerns about HCSO’s capacity to strike a balance between highway and neighborhood patrols as the city holds off on creating a police force, many others say they are satisfied with the service they currently receive or favor increasing HCSO’s presence in the area.

“It’s cheaper to hire one or two more dedicated [deputies] than start a whole police department,” resident Charles Thornton said.

Anticipating change

Despite his certainty that Dripping Springs is not yet ready, Purcell said the city remains open to the possibility that a police force will be needed in order to be prepared when the time comes. In his 19 years as mayor, Purcell has met at least annually with the Hays County sheriff to discuss the status of crime and safety in Dripping Springs and HCSO’s functionality in the city.

Most recently, he met with Cutler on Feb. 10, and they again agreed that it was not time to consider an additional enforcement entity in Dripping Springs. In the past, however, Hays County has increased the number of deputies dedicated to the Dripping Springs area, and both Purcell and Cutler said it could happen again.

The city has considered certain transitional measures to soften the ground for the creation of a police force. In Dripping Springs’ Comprehensive Plan, approved in 2016, the city expressed interest in exploring the role of a city marshal. The position would have served as a peace officer who would enforce local codes and regulations while still collaborating with the sheriff’s office.

However, Dripping Springs Deputy City Administrator Ginger Faught indicated the city had retreated from the idea, noting that Wimberley—a similar-sized Hays County city without a police department—had created a city marshal role in 2012 only to abolish it by 2017.

Purcell and Faught said the city has instead made adjustments to certain enforcement positions within the city based on its unique geographical needs.

For instance, after severe floods hit the city in May 2015, Dripping Springs’ part-time emergency management coordinator position became a full-time one. According to Purcell, that position is vital because Dripping Springs is located far from the “epicenter” of Hays County and its emergency management resources.

Purcell said he relies on input from experts, including his emergency management coordinator, to gauge whether the city is ready for a police force. However, he said that, in his own estimation, the city is, “probably four, maybe five years off.”

In the meantime, the community is equally aware that change is afoot in their growing home.

“Dripping Springs isn’t staying stagnant, as everyone knows,” resident Charlene Hardy said. “In time, it will be overwhelming for the sheriff’s office to take care of everyone everywhere in Hays County.”
By Olivia Aldridge
Olivia is the reporter for Community Impact's Central Austin edition. A graduate of Presbyterian College in upstate South Carolina, Olivia was a reporter and producer at South Carolina Public Radio before joining Community Impact in Austin.


MOST RECENT

The Delco Activity Center in Northeast Austin is one of the locations where residents can receive a COVID-19 vaccine. (Jack Flalger/Community Impact Newspaper)
Austin vaccine updates: Demand slows as state begins marketing push

Appointments are beginning to go unfilled, and local health officials say demand has caught up to supply. All adults in the U.S. are now eligible to be vaccinated.

Blue Corn Harvest Leander is located at 11840 Hero Way W., Bldg. A, Leander. (Taylor Girtman/Community Impact Newspaper)
Blue Corn Harvest opens in Leander; park, pizzeria launches social club and more Central Texas news

Read the latest business and community news from the Central Texas area.

Photo of two performers on an outdoor SXSW stage
South by Southwest sells ownership stake in company to Rolling Stone owner Penske Media Corp.

SXSW leadership called the sale a "lifeline" for the conference and festivals.

The Southwest Austin median home price topped $500,000 for the first time in March. (Nicholas Cicale/Community impact Newspaper)
SW Austin median home price reaches $530,000 in March, up 32.8% from last year

The median home price topped $500,000 for the first time in March.

Photo of people receiving vaccines in a gym
Austin Public Health lengthens windows for vaccine appointment signups

Residents age 18 and up can now sign up for appointments with APH any time from Saturday to Tuesday morning.

Austin Anthem watch party
Crowds of fans converge on North Austin to watch inaugural Austin FC game

Breweries around Q2 Stadium in North Austin brought in large outdoor screens and new employees to host fans of Austin FC for the team's historic first match.

Early voting for the May 1 election opens April 19 at a 7 a.m. (Jack Flagler/Community Impact Newspaper)
Early voting in Austin opens April 19: See what’s on the ballot, where to vote

City residents will be making decisions on eight propositions ranging from whether to adopt a strong mayor government system to whether to reinstate public camping bans.

Austin transportation officials said April 15 the range of corridor construction program projects initiated through the city's 2016 Mobility Bond remain on track for completion by late 2024. (Iain Oldman/Community Impact Newspaper)
Several Austin corridor mobility projects moving forward in 2021, program on track for 2024 completion

Transportation officials said some corridor program improvements previously planned along Guadalupe Street and East Riverside Drive are being reduced ahead of Project Connect expansions.

Jack Allen's Kitchen will be at 1345 E. Whitestone Blvd., Cedar Park. (Rendering courtesy Jack Allen's Kitchen)
7 restaurants coming to Cedar Park, Leander; new murals to go up in Georgetown and more top area news

Read the top business and community news from the Central Texas area from the past week.

The program, which began this week in San Marcos, gives Amazon and Whole Foods employees and contractors direct access to COVID-19 vaccinations. (Courtesy Amazon)
Amazon begins rollout of statewide vaccination clinics for employees

The program, which began this week in San Marcos, gives Amazon and Whole Foods employees and contractors direct access to COVID-19 vaccinations.

Austin FC supporters celebrate the official announcement of the team in January 2019. (Amy Denney/Community Impact Newspaper)
How, where to watch historic first Austin FC match April 17

Check out this list of breweries, pubs and restaurants around Central Texas that are hosting watch parties for April 17's inaugural Austin FC game.

Z'Tejas' chorizo dumplings are served on the Arboretum location's porch. (Iain Oldman/Community Impact Newspaper)
Z'Tejas to open in Avery Ranch; butcher, deli to open in Dripping Springs and more Central Texas news

Read the latest business and community news from the Central Texas area.