Of the $70 billion, $50 billion is allocated already via formula funding. That leaves $20 billion to be allocated over the next 10 years at the discretion of TxDOT and its commissioners.
As part of a proposed March update of the Unified Transportation Plan, TxDOT presented roughly $8 billion in projects—from that $20 billion pot—to begin executing over the next four years.
The funding proposal takes into account the Texas Clear Lanes, a project headed up by Commissioner J. Bruce Bugg that seeks to provide major congestion relief in Texas' five largest cities—Houston, Dallas, Austin, Fort Worth and San Antonio.
At this time, Texas Clear Lanes has allocated $1.3 billion to these five cities for specific projects. Here is the breakdown of how these funds will be used:
- Austin will receive $158.6 million for I-35 and U.S. 183
- Dallas will receive $364 million for IH 635
- Fort Worth will receive $163.8 million for IH 635, FM 2499 and SH 121
- Houston will receive $443.4 million I-69, Hwy. 610 and I-45
- San Antonio will receive $170.3 million I-10, US 281, I-410, SL 1604
Bugg said the Texas Clear Lanes task force was created to relieve future congestion as more people move to Texas each year.
In a 2015 presentation, state demographers said Texas' population would top 50 million by 2050. The population stood at less than 30 million in 2015.
The areas experiencing the most growth are the usual suspects: Austin, Dallas, Houston and San Antonio, with Dallas forecasted to become the largest Texas city with more than 16 million. Houston is projected to grow to more than 14 million, and Austin is estimated to house more than 5 million people by 2050.
"The state of Texas is spurring economic development and creating jobs by making a historic investment to build more roads and improve our infrastructure," Gov. Greg Abbott said in 2015. "That's why today I am directing the Texas Transportation Commission to create a focused initiative to identify and address the state's most congested chokepoints and work with transportation planners to get new roads built swiftly and effectively."
If everything proceeds as is, and the Commission approves the proposed funding for Texas Clear Lanes, $2.5 billion total will be allocated to the group for 19 new projects. Those projects are detailed here.
Another $5 billion has been distributed from the Unified Transportation Plan to districts within urbanized locations via the transportation funding formula.
About half of this $5 billion is set aside for projects in which TxDOT would work in conjunction with local municipalities.
Austin received $254 million, Dallas received $616 million and Houston received $626 million from this overall amount. The projects funded from this source will start sometime within the next four years. Additional projects may be recommended as part of the 2018 Unified Transportation Plan.
Before finalizing the next allocation of Unified Transportation Plan funds, TxDOT will host a public meeting Thursday afternoon in Austin. Those interested in following remotely can view the meeting online.
On March 14, TxDOT will also host a public hearing on the allocation of Unified Transportation Plan funds in Austin.
A full list of proposed changes can be viewed here.